A Beginner’s Guide on How to Maintain a Gun Before Shooting Event


gun range safety

The significant rule for any shooting athlete is safety. Maintaining or cleaning the guns reduces the risk of accidental discharge. However, you can entirely avoid the situation by following all the safety procedures. In this guide, you will get to know about the safety and maintenance of guns.

Things Required For Cleaning The Gun

Different guns require different maintenance techniques. However, there are some primary tools you will need while maintaining your gun. Get a caliber-specific cleaning kit as it contains all the cleaning supplies in it. Take gun maintenance mats as they will help you wipe out all the oil and grease stuck in the gun. Pick out a cleaning cradle for long guns. It makes your gun hand-free so that you can focus on controlling your tools and other parts. Next, always remember to wear a safety glass to prevent an eye injury.

Steps For Maintaining A Gun

Follow these steps to maintain any type of firearms safely:

Cleaning Of Barrel And Chamber

Take a copper phosphate or nylon bore brush to dry brush the chamber and barrel. It helps in loosening and removing the large carbon and metal fouling from the bore. Place the cleaning patch dipped in the bore solvent on the tip of the cleaning rod. Let it not for 10-15 minutes. After removing everything from the barrel, clean the exterior of the barrel, barrel hood, barrel lug, and feed ramp.

Cleaning And Lubricating Of Action

Cleaning is required more than just on the barrel of the gun. The slide, pump, and bolt should also be cleaned properly. Clean it using a nylon utility brush, dry cleaner, and action cleaning solvent. Spray manufacturer’s recommended components from the top of the frame to remove carbon and metal debris from it. Lastly, use a needle applicator to precisely apply at the specific lubrication points.

Cleaning Of Magazines

Magazines are significant as they are the source of ammunition. Moreover, it is responsible for the proper feeding of a semi-automatic firearm. According to the manufacturer’s instructions, they can be disassembled, cleaned, and reassembled. It is a strict no to clean your magazines with any petroleum product since they will contaminate ammunition primers. They are not lubricated rather cleaned with a residue-free solvent or cleaning agent.

Reassembling Of Firearm and Performing A Functional Check

A functional check is significant when everything the firearm is disassembled or reassembled for maintenance. The only goal to do this is to ensure that it still works the same. The proper functioning of the trigger mechanism, safeties, slide operation, and locking, magazine retention, and ejection system are verified during the checking process.

Wipe Out The Outside Of The Gun

The last step involves wiping off the exterior of the gun using gun maintenance mats. It helps in removing any oil or remaining debris from the gun. It also adds shine to the firearm.

A clean gun not only enhances its appearance but also makes it safe and reliable. Regularly maintaining a firearm makes it accurate and comfortable.


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